Geared Hub Motors vs Direct Drive; BMC vs Crystalyte

January 24, 2012

Geared Hub Motors and Direct Drive Hub Motors offer unique benefits and drawbacks. Comparing engineering specifications is helpful, but road testing finished E-bikes really shows the personality of a motor drive system.

The twisting steep roads of the Marin Headlands proved to be an ideal area for electric bicycle motor testing. For the purpose of comparing the most popular options we ran an E-bike built using a geared hub motor, and an E-bike with a direct drive hub motor. Both the BMC and Crystalyte motor systems demonstrated awesome hill climbing ability in non-assisted uphill rides, although the BMC did perform noticeably better.

Both systems were run at 20 amps – 48 volts – 1000 watts, the manufacturer specified maximum power setting.  The motors are clearly capable of higher power output but for the purpose of fair testing we followed the manufacture suggested amp limits and ran at 1000 watts.


BMC Geared Motor Ebike




Crystalyte direct drive motor was installed on a Turner downhill bike. The BMC geared motor was installed on a KHS Dual Suspension bike. Both bikes carried the battery in a saddle bag mounted on the rear rack. The other saddle bag was used for personal items. One of the benefits of electric bikes is the ability to lug around heavy items without feeling the added weight.


Crystalyte Direct Drive Motor Ebike

The BMC motor weighs 8lbs while the Crystalyte tips the scales at 15lbs. The lower weight of the BMC was apparent in most riding conditions. The geared internal design of the BMC allows a smaller lighter motor to do the same work as the heavier direct drive motor like the Crystalyte HS-35 . The disadvantage to the lighter geared hub motor is the addition of numerous moving parts to the inside of the hub. Additional gears, one way bearings and other parts make the BMC more complex and more failure prone. The direct drive motors are considered by some to be the bench mark for simplicity and reliability.

The Crystalyte regenerative braking feature proved to be very convenient for long descents. The need to apply constant pressure on the brake levers on a prolonged downhill to slow a 60+ pound E-bike tends to exhaust your hands. Both bikes were fitted with hydraulic disc brakes but the Crystalyte bike was equipped with a switch in the right brake lever. A light pressure on the lever activates the regenerative brake system. The linear drag provided by the regen brakes was a nice advantage, improving the comfort and safety of tackling mountainous terrain while also sending power back into the battery.

Unfortunately when pedaling without the motor engaged, the Crystalyte has a vague resistance that makes it feel as if you are pedaling against a light headwind (cogging). This constant light drag while pedaling with the motor off is a fact of life with direct drive hub motors like the Crystalyte. With the higher weight and pedaling drag plan to ride a direct drive bike exclusively as an E-bike.

The smaller lighter BMC maintained a bit more of the light coasting feel of the bicycle while offering good power. Both motors were able to maintain almost 30-MPH unassisted on flat land and climb steep grades with moderate pedal input.

The BMC proved to be a better hill climber using the same power as the Crystalite when climbing hills  without pedaling. This is because of the planetary gears.

For more information on the BMC motor, read our review here.


Eric has been involved in the electric bike industry since 2002 when he started a 6000 square foot brick and mortar Electric Bike store in downtown San Francisco. He is a true believer that small electric vehicles can change the way we operate and the way we think.

  • Panak

    Thanks for great site!

  • Projectitis

    I’m very interested to know: Is the BMC louder? Which lasts longer on the same battery?

    • ElectricBIke

      The bmc and crystalite are very similiar in noise output. The BMC is more efficient and will last longer on the same battery especially in hilly riding conditions.

      • Projectitis

        Thanks! So you would recommend the BMC? or are there situations where the Crystalyte would come up better? (Perhaps top-end speed where hills aren’t an issue?)

  • RR

    When riding a DD hub such as the Crystalyte that had regen, to avoid the cogging drag during times when you want to pedal along, can you apply just a touch of throttle to ‘neutralize’ the drag without consuming much battery energy?

  • RR

    When riding a DD hub such as the Crystalyte that has regen, to avoid the
    cogging drag when you want to just pedal along, can you apply
    just a touch of throttle to ‘neutralize’ the drag without consuming much
    battery energy?

  • Daryl

    I think I am going to go with the BMC as I want the smaller size…more covert. Also I like the fact that it freewheels. I have a Pugsley and will put it on the front as I already have an Alfine IGH on the rear. It will be used in the winter, so having two wheel drive should be awesome. Thanks so much for this article!

  • murat


    Actually I bought BMC V4T hub motor,

    I paid 469 pounds for this without controller and other accessory.

    After short usage ,it didn’t work in one day; Seller say that it is burned.

    seller doesn’t want to replacement also they don’t refund money.

    What I say BMC is not good brand, also their seller are not reliable

    They don’t have any trustworthy

    for more information

    Please contact with me.

  • Jim

    I’d lik to find an electric fixie.

  • Staranand

    I read in the article on the Crystalyte motor that it comes with the motor designed for speed or tork, indicated by an S or T in the model name/number. When testing the two motors against each other was the Crystalyte motor a T or an S please? Also, in the article on the Crystalyte motor, the author said it can be run either at higher voltage than is listed in this article giving it much more power. Thoughts please?

  • Jerry C.

    I have a 24 volt hub geared hub motor.. Works except somethings slipping inside hub. My problem is I cannot find anywhere to get parts for these motors! On you tube they replace bad parts but no one says where they got the new parts! Can anyone help me. THANK,S